What can be expected to happen to the ecosystem that was most severely hit by the tsunami?

In December 2004, a tsunami (giant wave) destroyed many of the marine organisms along the coast of the Indian Ocean. What can be expected to happen to the ecosystem that was most severely hit by the tsunami? … The organisms in the ecosystem will become extinct.

How does a tsunami affect an ecosystem?

Environmental impacts

A tsunami changes the landscape. It uproots trees and plants and destroys animal habitats such as nesting sites for birds. Land animals are killed by drowning and sea animals are killed by pollution if dangerous chemicals are washed away into the sea, thus poisoning the marine life.

What happens after a tsunami hits land?

Tsunamis can decimate ecosystems on land and in the sea. On land, animals are killed and plants uprooted. Inundation of salt water can promote inland invasion of salt-tolerant plants, such as grasses and mangroves, and loss of soil fertility in coastal farmland.

What kind of damage can a tsunami cause?

More specifically, the damage caused directly by tsunamis can be summarized into the following: 1) Deaths and injuries; 2) houses destroyed, partially destroyed, inundated, flooded, or burned; 3) other property damage and loss; 4) boats washed away, damaged or destroyed; 5) lumber washed away; 6) marine installations …

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How do tsunamis affect marine life?

How do tsunamis affect the life of fish and marine animals? Tsunami currents increase strongly in shallow water where weaker corals can be broken by the force of the tsunami. Fish and marine animals are sometimes stranded on the land after they are carried by the currents to shore.

What are the impacts of disaster on ecology and environment?

Deforestation, forest management practices, agriculture systems etc. can exacerbate the negative environmental impacts of a storm or typhoon, leading to landslides, flooding, silting and ground/surface water contamination.

How do natural disasters affect ecosystems?

Earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions and natural bush fires all affect the many different ecosystems on our planet. Initially, these disasters negatively affect the biodiversity of wetlands, forests and coastal systems by causing the spread of invasive species, mass species mortality and loss of habitat.

What happens when tsunami occurs?

A tsunami can kill or injure people and damage or destroy buildings and infrastructure as waves come in and go out. A tsunami is a series of enormous ocean waves caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions, or asteroids. … Coasts that border the Pacific Ocean or Caribbean have the greatest risk.

What to do after a tsunami occurs?

Immediately after a tsunami

  1. Avoid disaster areas. …
  2. Stay away from debris in the water; it may pose a safety hazard to people or pets.
  3. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid as needed before helping injured or trapped persons.
  4. If someone needs to be rescued, call professionals with the right equipment to help.
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How did the 2004 tsunami affect the environment?

Environmental impacts of the tsunami

Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.

What are the tsunami give an example of destruction caused by it?

Tsunamis cause damage by two mechanisms: the smashing force of a wall of water travelling at high speed, and the destructive power of a large volume of water draining off the land and carrying a large amount of debris with it, even with waves that do not appear to be large.

What kind of destruction can a tsunami cause quizlet?

As a tsunami nears the coastline, it may rise to several feet, and can cause great loss of life and property damage when it comes ashore. Tsunamis can travel upstream in coastal estuaries and rivers, with damaging waves extending farther inland than the immediate coast.

What are the harmful effects of landslide?

The impact of a landslide can be extensive, including loss of life, destruction of infrastructure, damage to land and loss of natural resources. Landslide material can also block rivers and increase the risk of floods.