What does the Biodiversity Act 2002 primarily address?

The Biodiversity Act – 2002 primarily addresses issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources in the country, issue related to access to genetic resources and associated knowledge and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from utilization of biological resources to the country and its people.

What are the main features of the Biodiversity Act 2002?

1) To regulate access to biological resources of the country with equitable share in benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. 2) To conserve and sustainably use biological diversity. 4) To create National , State and local biodiversity fund and its use for conservation of biodiversity.

What is the biodiversity conservation Act 2002?

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is an Act enacted by the Parliament of India for the preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge.

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What are the 3 main objectives of biodiversity conservation?

Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives:

  • To preserve the diversity of species.
  • Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem.
  • To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes.

What do you understand by traditional knowledge How does Biological Diversity Act 2002 aim at protecting the traditional knowledge?

Regulatory Framework at National Level

The Biodiversity Act – 2002 primarily addresses access to genetic resources and associated knowledge by foreign individuals, institutions or companies, to ensure equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of these resources and knowledge to the country and the people.

What is the Biological Diversity Act 2002 and describe its role for the conservation in agricultural sector?

The BD Act provides provisions for regulated access to biological resources by bonafide end-users for various purposes including scientific research, commercial activities and sustainable use of non-timber forest produce.

What biodiversity means?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

How does Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful in the conservation of flora and fauna?

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002

It is helpful in conservation of flora and fauna as: There are provisions for setting up National Biodiversity Authority, State Biodiversity Board, and Biodiversity Management Committee for proper management of biological resources.

How does biodiversity vary in India How is Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful in conservation of flora and fauna?

The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 was passed by the Indian Parliament. The Act provided for conservation of biological diversity, its sustainable use and for fair and equal sharing of available resources (traditional biological resources and related knowledge), without endangering the flora and fauna.

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Which act mainly aims at preserving biodiversity?

India had signed the Convention on Biological Diversity at Rio de Janeiro providing a framework and foundation for sustainable development and preservation of its biodiversity with a lot of focus on natural resources. Following this ten years later the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 was enacted.

What is the importance of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

What are the two approaches for conserving biodiversity name them give one example of each?

(a) The two types of desirable approaches to conserve biodiversity are in-situ and ex-situ conservation. (a) Protection of the total ecosystem. (b) Protected areas are managed through legal or other effective means. (c) The endangered species of plants and animals are protected in their natural habitat.