What factors were the long term influences on Earth’s climate before the industrial era?

In general, climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the 1700s can be explained by natural causes, such as changes in solar energy, volcanic eruptions, and natural changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. Recent climate changes, however, cannot be explained by natural causes alone.

What caused climate change before Industrial Revolution?

Many scientists believe, however, that with the dawn of the industrial age—and the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil—humans began to significantly add to the amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, enhancing the planet’s natural greenhouse effect and causing …

What are the long term effects of climate change?

Scientists have predicted that long-term effects of climate change will include a decrease in sea ice and an increase in permafrost thawing, an increase in heat waves and heavy precipitation, and decreased water resources in semi-arid regions.

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What are long term natural causes of climate change?

The earth’s climate is influenced and changed through natural causes like volcanic eruptions, ocean currents, the Earth’s orbital changes, solar variations and internal variability.

What causes long lasting climate?

Carbon dioxide is the main cause of human-induced climate change. It stays in the atmosphere for a very long time. Other greenhouse gases, such as nitrous oxide, stay in the atmosphere for a long time.

What is pre industrial climate?

In principle, ‘pre-industrial levels’ could refer to any period of time before the start of the industrial revolution. … This IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C uses the reference period 1850–1900 to represent pre-industrial temperature.

Which effects are factors in long term climate change quizlet?

Changing orbit of earth, stretch, tilt and wobble can cause long term climate change. Volcanic activity emitting ash and dust particles into the atmosphere which block incoming solar radiation. The eruptions can also release gases into the atmosphere (carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxides increasing % of GHGs).

How does a long term environmental change lead to the development of a new species?

When a long-term environmental change occurs, certain individuals in a population will be better adapted for the new environment than others. … Over many generations, these favorable adaptations build up in a population. This may lead to speciation, which is the development of a new species.

What is a long term environmental change?

Long Term Changes

A long-term environmental change is… ice age, deforestation, urbanization, Earth’s orbit, Sun’s intensity, global Warming, radioactive waste/pollution. Extinction of species could happen to anyone of the food webs in a long term change.

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How does climate change affect the earth?

More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities. As climate change worsens, dangerous weather events are becoming more frequent or severe.

What are some of the long term natural causes of climate change quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)

  • Astronomical climate forcing (Milankovitch) Surface temperature of earth changes over time as earths orbit and axis vary over time. …
  • Over 100k years- …
  • Over 41k years- …
  • Over 22k years- …
  • Sunspots. …
  • Volcanic/cosmic causes. …
  • Atmospheric forcing. …
  • Global dimming.

What are two long term physical impacts of climate change?

Rising Sea Levels

Warmer climates cause sea levels to rise by two mechanisms: 1) melting glaciers and ice sheets (ice on land) add water to the oceans and 2) ocean water expands as it warms, increasing its volume and raising the sea level.

What are some of the long term causes that lead to ice ages?

Today’s ice age most likely began when the land bridge between North and South America (Isthmus of Panama) formed and ended the exchange of tropical water between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, significantly altering ocean currents. Glacials and interglacials occur in fairly regular repeated cycles.