Biodiversity can be termed as the variations among living biota performing their ecological functions in the terrestrial marine and other freshwater ecosystems and the other ecological complexities where they are living such as intraspecific diversity, interspecific diversity and diverse biota in the ecosystems.
What is aquatic biodiversity?
Aquatic biodiversity can be defined as the variety of life and the ecosystems that make up the freshwater, tidal, and marine regions of the world and their interactions. Aquatic biodiversity encompasses freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers, streams, groundwater, and wetlands.
Why is biodiversity important to aquatic ecosystems?
Biodiversity is not only the richness of species; it is also their genetic variety and the multiple habitats and ecosystems in which these plants and animals live. … Aquatic habitats provide the food, water, shelter, and space es- sential for the survival of aquatic animals and plants.
What is biodiversity in an ecosystem?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What biodiversity means?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is aquatic biodiversity and why is it important?
Aquatic biodiversity is important because it helps keep our aquatic ecosystems stable, which we rely on for clean water, air and food.
What is importance biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
How can we increase aquatic biodiversity?
Several ways to protect and sustain marine biodiversity: – Protect endangered and threatened aquatic species. – Establish protected marine sanctuaries. – Protect whole marine ecosystems within a global network of fully protected marine reserves.
Why are aquatic ecosystems more diverse?
1,5 As water has high specific heat capacity, temperature fluctuations in the marine ecosystems are much lower (i.e. both diurnal and seasonal basis) than occur in terrestrial ecosystems of similar climates. … Gases are also more available in terrestrial ecosystems than in marine ecosystems.
What is biodiversity with example?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What are 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. It occurs within a species as well as between species.
What is biodiversity and ecosystem loss?
Biodiversity loss refers to the decline or disappearance of biological diversity, understood as the variety of living things that inhabit the planet, its different levels of biological organisation and their respective genetic variability, as well as the natural patterns present in ecosystems.