What is biodiversity in the rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

What does biodiversity mean in the rainforest?

Biodiversity also describes ecosystems or environments that contain a high degree of this variation — for example, the Amazon rainforest. … Over 3 million species live in the rainforest, and over 2,500 tree species (or one-third of all tropical trees that exist on earth) help to create and sustain this vibrant ecosystem.

Why is biodiversity important in rainforests?

Based on tropical rainforests, we see why biodiversity is so crucial in maintaining an ecosystem. Since rainforests have huge ranges of plants, many insects or animals will have more diverse preys. … If more organisms diversify, it ensures the natural sustainability of all life forms in the ecosystem.

How does biodiversity affect the rainforest?

The canopy system characteristic of tropical rainforests further increases diversity by creating new niches in the form of new sources of food, new shelters, new hiding places, and new areas for interaction with other species. In fact, it is estimated that 70-90 percent of life in the rainforest is found in the trees.

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What is biodiversity exactly?

Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.

Why is biodiversity so rich in tropical islands?

Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.

What are examples of biodiversity?

The definition of biodiversity refers to the amount of diversity between different plants, animals and other species in a given habitat at a particular time. The different varieties and types of animals and plants that live in the ocean is an example of biodiversity.

How much biodiversity is in the rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

Why is biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

Why tropical rainforest has maximum biodiversity?

Both the plant and animal biodiversity produce a wide array of food as well as fabrics. Complete Answer: Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option.

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Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?

Both biomes have warm climates, but the desert is very dry, and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms, so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast, the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.

Why is it important to protect biodiversity in the Amazon rainforest?

The Amazon is also home to hundreds of endemic and endangered plant and animal species. … The outstanding biodiversity in the Amazon isn’t only important for the natural ecosystems, it also provides many benefits to us humans. The plants and animals here are used for food, research, medicines and textiles.