Wetlands filter and clean water, which decreases the costs of drinking water treatment, and they reduce the frequency and intensity of floods. They support the life cycle of 75% of the fish and shellfish commercially harvested in the U.S., and up to 90% of the recreational fish catch.
What is the importance of a wetland ecosystem?
Wetlands and People
Far from being useless, disease-ridden places, wetlands provide values that no other ecosystem can. These include natural water quality improvement, flood protection, shoreline erosion control, opportunities for recreation and aesthetic appreciation and natural products for our use at no cost.
What is wetland and its importance?
Wetlands are unique, productive ecosystems where terrestrial and aquatic habitats meet. Wetlands play a critical role in maintaining many natural cycles and supporting a wide range of biodiversity. … They serve as a natural sponge against flooding and drought, protect our coastlines and help fight climate change.
What are the two importance of wetland?
Wetlands are an important part of the ecosystem that regulate water and have a unique role in maintaining the food chain. Wetlands are also habitats for several species of wildlife, from aquatic animals to migratory birds, which lie within various ecosystems of the high mountains and lowland plains.
Why are wetlands important for plants and animals?
Wetlands provide homes for animals and plants
Biodiversity is high around wetlands habitats. These areas provide food and shelter for many animals, in particular bird species such as herons, spoonbills and flamingos, and amphibians such as frogs.
What are wetlands write any four importance of wetlands?
Wetlands ecosystems are vital parts of hydrological cycle, highly productive, support rich biodiversity and provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, storm buffers, erosion control, aquifer recharge, microclimate regulation, aesthetic enhancement of …
What are 5 benefits of wetlands?
What are the benefits of wetlands?
- Improved Water Quality. Wetlands can intercept runoff from surfaces prior to reaching open water and remove pollutants through physical, chemical, and biological processes. …
- Erosion Control. …
- Flood Abatement. …
- Habitat Enhancement. …
- Water Supply. …
- Recreation. …
- Partnerships. …
What are 3 reasons wetlands are important?
Wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Wetlands are valuable for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics.
Why are wetlands important and need to be saved?
Wetlands prevent flooding by holding water much like a sponge. By doing so, wetlands help keep river levels normal and filter and purify the surface water. Wetlands accept water during storms and whenever water levels are high. … Unlike most other habitats, wetlands directly improve other ecosystems.
What type of ecosystem is a wetland?
A wetland is an area of land that is either covered with water or saturated with water. Unique plants, called hydrophytes, define wetland ecosystems.
What is the importance of wetlands in keeping the health condition of aquatic ecosystem especially the estuaries?
Water quality improvement—Wetlands contribute to improving water quality by removing excess nutrients and many chemical contaminants. They are sometimes used in tertiary treatment of wastewater. SOURCE: Adapted from Kusler, 1983.