INTRODUCTION. Aquatic ecosystems perform numerous valuable environmental functions. They recycle nutrients, purify water, attenuate floods, augment and maintain streamflow, recharge ground water, and provide habitat for wildlife and recreation for people.
What are the characteristics of an aquatic ecosystem?
A aquatic ecosystems are made up of animals, vegetation, flora and other organisms that live in the water. Aquatic ecosystems are both freshwater and saltwater. Those of fresh water are lakes, streams, rivers, lagoons and those of salt water are oceans and seas..
Where is an aquatic ecosystem?
Aquatic ecosystems are located within a watery environment (aquatic environment) and cover more than 70% of Earth’s surface. Examples of aquatic ecosystems include lakes, ponds, bogs, rivers, estuaries and the open ocean.
What are different types of aquatic ecosystem?
Kinds of aquatic ecosystems
- Aquifers and springs.
- Rivers and streams.
- Lakes and ponds.
- Bays and estuaries.
- Ocean (Gulf of Mexico)
What is ecosystem function?
The functions of the ecosystem are as follows: It regulates the essential ecological processes, supports life systems and renders stability. It is also responsible for the cycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components. It maintains a balance among the various trophic levels in the ecosystem.
Why is aquatic life important?
We depend on many aquatic plants and animals, and their ecological functions, for our survival. … Our aquatic wildlife are important sources of food, energy, jobs, atmospheric oxygen, buffers against new diseases, pests, and predators, and protection against food shortages and global climate change.
Why are aquatic ecosystems important to humans?
In addition to being essential contributors to biodiversity and ecological productivity, they also provide a variety of services for human populations, including water for drinking and irrigation, recreational opportunities, and habitat for economically important fisheries.
What is the largest aquatic ecosystem?
The largest water ecosystem is the marine ecosystem, covering over 70 percent of the earth’s surface. Oceans, estuaries, coral reefs and coastal ecosystems are the various kinds of marine ecosystems.
What is meant by an aquatic environment?
The aquatic environment can be defined as interacting system of resources such as water and biota. The world has a variety of lotic and lentic aquatic environments, which are a major source of food to millions of people across the earth. … Hence, the dynamics of aquatic environment depends on the properties of water.
What are the 3 major functions of an ecosystem?
According to Pacala & Kinzig 2002, there are three classes of ecosystem functions: Stocks of energy and materials (for example, biomass, genes), Fluxes of energy or material processing (for example, productivity, decomposition Stability of rates or stocks over time (for example, resilience, predictability).
What are four main factors that affect aquatic ecosystems?
What are the four main factors that affect aquatic ecosystems? Water’s depth, temperature amount of dissolved nutrients, and flow. What does the depth of the water determine?
What are the two parts of an aquatic ecosystem?
The aquatic biome is the largest of all the biomes, covering about 75 percent of Earth’s surface. This biome is usually divided into two categories: freshwater and marine.