Ocean currents carry warm water and rain from the equator to the poles. They also carry cold water from the poles toward the equator. The currents help to prevent higher temperatures at the equator and increase the warmth at the poles. The planet would be less inhabitable if we did not have these currents.
What is the overall effect of the oceans on Earth’s climate?
Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.
What impact does the ocean have on climate quizlet?
Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.
How do oceans regulate the climate quizlet?
How does the ocean influence the climate? Oceans absorb and retain solar heat and produce rain by evaporation; tradewinds carry storms and rain; currents regulate global climate, minimizing regional extremes. … Water evaporates from the ocean’s surface, and the vapors form the clouds.
Which of the following is true about how oceans affect the weather?
Explanation: As ocean surface temperatures increase, the energy transferred to the atmosphere increases air temperatures. … Warmer air temperatures may also increase precipitation as the air contains more moisture.
How does ocean pollution affect climate change?
Plastics in the Ocean
Of the 100 million metric tons of plastic produced every year, about 10 million end up in the oceans. Plastic pollution comes in all shapes and sizes.
How does climate change affect the Pacific ocean?
Climate change presents Pacific Islands with unique challenges including rising temperatures, sea-level rise, contamination of freshwater resources with saltwater, coastal erosion, an increase in extreme weather events, coral reef bleaching, and ocean acidification.
How do wind and ocean currents affect climate quizlet?
Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … Currents carry warm water from the tropics toward the poles and bring cold water back toward the equator.
What effect do large forests have on Earth’s climate?
Researchers have known for decades that tree leaves absorb more sunlight than do other types of land cover, such as fields or bare ground. Forests can reduce Earth’s surface albedo, meaning that the planet reflects less incoming sunlight back into space, leading to warming.
How do landforms affect climate?
An increase in the elevation, or altitude, of a land mass also makes for a cooler climate. Increases in altitude mean thinner air, which makes the atmosphere less able to absorb and retain heat. … Surface properties of land masses play a role in how land and climate influence each other.
How does the ocean regulate climate?
The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …
What is one important role that ocean waters have in heating Earth?
The ocean absorbs heat energy from the sun. … When the land is cold the warm ocean currents move along the coast and heats up air that moves to the earth’s surface and hence heat the earth. Since 75% of the earth is covered with water then oceans play a major role in heating the land.
How does warming of the ocean affect sea level quizlet?
Sea levels are rising due to increased temperatures causing water to expand and ice to melt which then runs off into the seas. The oceans absorb carbon dioxide and this makes them slightly acidic. As they warm they absorb less carbon dioxide which is a problem for marine life.