What is the richest coral reef ecosystem in the world?

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth. It provides habitat for nearly 9,000 species of marine life—and that’s just the (relatively) easy to count ones! The reef’s rich biodiversity helps it to maintain a stable and healthy coral reef system.

What is the richest coral reef in the world?

The powerful deep sea-currents funnel nutrients into the coral reefs, making Raja Ampat a “species factory.” Home to over 600 species of hard coral, or about 75% of the total in the entire world, Raja Ampat contains the richest coral reefs on the earth.

Where are rich coral reefs found?

Coral reefs flourish in ocean waters that provide few nutrients. They are most commonly found at shallow depths in tropical waters, but deep water and cold water coral reefs exist on smaller scales in other areas.

Why is the coral reef a rich ecosystem?

Benefits of coral reef ecosystems

Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.

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Where is the most famous coral reef?

The Great Barrier Reef

The world’s most famous marine ecosystem, the Great Barrier is the largest coral reef in the world. It is over 1,400 miles long and 133,000 square smiles. Located off Queensland, Australia, the Great Barrier Reef is so large that you can see it from outer space.

What is the most beautiful coral reef?

The 15 Most Beautiful Coral Reefs In The World

  • Great Barrier Reef – Australia. Natural Feature. …
  • New Caledonia Barrier Reef – New Caledonia. …
  • Red Sea Coral Reef – Red Sea. …
  • Rainbow Reef – Fiji. …
  • Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park. …
  • Raja Ampat – Indonesia. …
  • Palancar Reef – Cozumel, Mexico. …
  • Great Chagos Archipelago – Indian Ocean.

What is the second largest coral reef in the world?

Manama, Bahrain, 26 June 2018 (IUCN) – The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System – the world’s second largest coral reef system after the Great Barrier Reef – has come off the List of World Heritage in Danger, following the advice of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Where in the world can you find coral reefs?

Coral reefs are located in tropical oceans near the equator. The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The second largest coral reef can be found off the coast of Belize, in Central America. Other reefs are found in Hawaii, the Red Sea, and other areas in tropical oceans.

Where in the world are coral reefs?

More than 100 countries have a coral reef within their borders, and over half of the world’s coral reefs are found within six countries: Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, and the Maldives.

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How many coral species are there in the world?

There are about six thousand species of coral around the world, with some species growing in warm shallow waters near coastlines and others thriving on the dark, cold seafloor of the open ocean.

Why is coral reef called as the most rich and diverse ecosystem on earth?

The variety of species living on a coral reef is greater than in any other shallow-water marine ecosystem, making reefs one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. … The biodiversity of reefs and the habitat reefs provide for other species are also the source of other benefits.

Which ecosystem has highest biodiversity?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.

How much of the ocean is coral reef?

Rainforests of the Sea. Coral reefs are the most diverse habitats on the planet. Reefs occur in less than 1 percent of the ocean, yet are home to nearly one-quarter of all ocean species.