Municipal solid waste (MSW) includes all items from homes and businesses that people no longer have any use for. These wastes are commonly called trash or garbage and include items such as food, paper, plastics, textiles, leather, wood, glass, metals, sanitary waste in septic tanks, and other wastes.
What does municipal solid waste consists of?
The major components of MSW are food waste, paper, plastic, rags, metal, and glass, although demolition and construction debris is often included in collected waste, as are small quantities of hazardous waste, such as electric light bulbs, batteries, automotive parts, and discarded medicines and chemicals.
What municipal waste includes?
It covers waste from households, including bulky waste, similar waste from commerce and trade, office buildings, institutions and small businesses, as well as yard and garden waste, street sweepings, the contents of litter containers, and market cleansing waste if managed as household waste.
What is the most common component of municipal solid waste?
Organic materials such as paper and paperboard, yard trimmings, and food waste continue to be the largest component of MSW. Paper and paperboard account for over 27 percent and yard trimmings and food waste accounts for another 28 percent.
What is solid industrial waste?
Industrial solid waste includes different kinds of materials like paper, plastic, wood, cardboard, packaging materials, scrap metal, and every other solid waste that can no longer fulfill its intended purpose.
What is in industrial waste?
Fossil-fuel power stations, particularly coal-fired plants, are a major source of industrial wastewater. Many of these plants discharge wastewater with significant levels of metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and chromium, as well as arsenic, selenium, and nitrogen compounds (nitrates and nitrites).
What are examples of solid waste?
Examples of solid wastes include the following materials when discarded:
- waste tires.
- scrap metal.
- latex paints.
- furniture and toys.
- appliances and vehicles.
- oil and anti-freeze.
What is municipal solid waste in India?
Municipal solid waste includes commercial and domestic wastes generated in municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes.
What is solid waste management explain the characteristics of municipal solid waste?
The sources of solid waste include residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial activities. … All nonhazardous solid waste from a community that requires collection and transport to a processing or disposal site is called refuse or municipal solid waste (MSW). Refuse includes garbage and rubbish.
What are three examples of municipal solid waste?
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), commonly called “trash” or “garbage,” includes wastes such as durable goods (e.g., tires, furniture), nondurable goods (e.g., newspapers, plastic plates/cups), containers and packaging (e.g., milk cartons, plastic wrap), and other wastes (e.g., yard waste, food).
What are the major sources of municipal solid waste generation?
The following are major sources of solid waste:
- Residential. Residences and homes where people live are some of the major sources of solid waste. …
- Industrial. …
- Commercial. …
- Institutional. …
- Construction and Demolition Areas. …
- Municipal Services. …
- Treatment Plants and Sites. …