What type of ecosystem is the Eastern Himalayas?

Located in Nepal, Bhutan, northern Myanmar, southeast Tibet and northeast India, the region contains temperate forests, the world’s highest mountain peaks and tallest grasslands, savannas, and rich alpine meadows.

Are the Himalayas an ecosystem?

Among the worldwide mountain ecosystem, the Himalayan ecosystem is the most diversified and multifarious, and it divides South Asia from the northern portion of Asia. This IHR is a separate ecological and geographical entity and records significantly in key biophysical establishments of the world.

Which ecosystem is found in Himalayan hotspot?

A wide diversity of ecosystems is represented in this hotspot, including mixed wet evergreen, dry evergreen, deciduous, and montane forests. There are also patches of shrublands and woodlands on karst limestone outcrops and, in some coastal areas, scattered heath forests.

What type of mountain system is the Himalayas?

The Himalayas consist of parallel mountain ranges: the Sivalik Hills on the south; the Lower Himalayan Range; the Great Himalayas, which is the highest and central range; and the Tibetan Himalayas on the north. The Karakoram are generally considered separate from the Himalayas.

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What are keystone species in an ecosystem?

A keystone species is an organism that helps define an entire ecosystem. By keeping populations of mussels and barnacles in check, this sea star helps ensure healthy populations of seaweeds and the communities that feed on them—sea urchins, sea snails, limpets, and bivalves.

What type of ecosystem is found in hilly region?

Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of uttis, katus and chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like sal, simal, peepal, salla, bamboo, etc.

Which of the following type of forests are found in Eastern Himalaya?

The vegetation consists of moist mixed deciduous forests, subtropical wet hill forests, wet temperate forests, and alpine forests.

Where are Eastern Himalayas?

The Eastern Himalayas extend from eastern Nepal across Northeast India, Bhutan, the Tibet Autonomous Region to Yunnan in China and northern Myanmar. The climate of this region is influenced by the monsoon of South Asia from June to September.

What are the characteristics of Eastern Himalayas?

Answer: CLIMATE :- The climate of Eastern Himalaya is characterized by cool summer and chilly winter. The average annual temperature is 20°C and average annual rainfall is 500mm. (f) TYPE OF VEGETATION :- Consisting of a thick forest cover, Alpine, subalpine and broad leaf forests are found in the Eastern Himalayas.

What animals live in the eastern Himalayas?

This is the only known location in the world where Bengal tigers and snow leopards share habitat.

  • Snow Leopard.
  • Red Panda.
  • Ganges River Dolphin.
  • Asian Elephant.
  • Greater One-Horned Rhino.
  • Rhino.
  • Snow Leopard.
  • Red Panda.
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Is Eastern Himalayas is a biodiversity hotspots?

Eastern Himalayas form a part of the Himalayan global biodiversity hotspot. This region is exceptionally rich in diversity and endemism. It comprises of parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and extends up to Burma.

What plants are in the Himalayas?

Rhododendron plants grow on most mountains. Oak, laurel and chestnut trees are also found up to 7,000 feet above sea level. Pine trees are found up to 12,000 feet above sea level; above that point only lichens, grass and moss can be found, since it is so cold in the higher regions.