Imagine changes in elevation of landscape over a larger area, for example, mountains, hills, lakes and valleys. More specifically speaking, topography aids in changing precipitation and temperature. A general rule of thumb in understanding weather is warm air rises and cold air sinks.
What are the topographic features that will affect climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. … Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture. One side of mountain can be dry while the other side is full of vegetation. Mountains can cause a physical barrier to rain clouds.
What are 2 topographic features that can affect the climate of a region?
It can include mountains, rivers, or cities. Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises, and then the clouds release the water, causing precipitation like rain or snow.
How does topography affect climate quizlet?
Differing topography may influence other climate factors to create a wet or dry, cool or warm climate. Before an air mass goes over a mountain, it will cool down and release its moisture. … When prevailing winds blow over land areas it can contribute to creating desert climates.
What geographic factors affect climate?
Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.
How do topography and ocean affect climate?
Land: Climate and Temperature. The topography of an area also helps determine the climate. This is because of ocean currents that carry masses of warm or cool air to coastal locations. … Areas near oceans and large lakes have smaller temperature ranges than landlocked, or continental, areas.
What factors are affecting climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does oceanic circulation affect climate?
Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.
How does elevation affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
How does flat land affect climate?
Land at higher latitudes receives less concentrated solar radiation due to the smaller angle at which the Sun’s rays arrive at the surface. This makes their climates generally cooler than land near the equator.
Which topographical feature affects the climate of an area quizlet?
Topographic features such as mountains play an important role in the amount of precipitation that falls over an area. Large bodies of water such as lakes and oceans have an important effect on the temperature of an area. Global winds are another factor that influences climate because they distribute heat and moisture.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are some factors that affect climate quizlet?
what are the five factors that affect climate? latitude,temperature,precipitation,topography,and elevation.