Where is Biodiversity Hotspot in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Where are biodiversity hotspots located?

Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Which state in India comes under biodiversity hotspot?

#1 The Himalayas

Geographically, the entire Himalayan range comes under the category of a biodiversity Hotspot. It covers some parts of Pakistan, China, Myanmar, whole Nepal and Bhutan and North Indian state/UT of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya.

Why is India a biodiversity hotspot?

India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.

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What are biodiversity hotspots and where are they located?

From lush rainforests to majestic mountains, some regions of Earth are simply irreplaceable. Many of these regions are biodiversity hotspots—areas that are both rich with life and at high risk for destruction.

Is the biodiversity hotspot region?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Some of these hotspots support up to 15,000 endemic plant species and some have lost up to 95% of their natural habitat.

How many hotspots are there in India 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

Which Indian state has maximum biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

Is Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot?

The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here. … The Western Ghats are being considered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Which are the hotspots found in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Which state has the most biodiversity?

The four states with the largest level of biodiversity are California, Hawaii, Alabama, and Texas. California tops the list in both diversity (number of species) and endemism (number of unique species).

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WHO declared biodiversity hotspot?

The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.