Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which is the most biodiverse region in the world and why?
Brazil. This country has the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet thanks to the presence of the Amazonia on its territory. Brazil has the highest population of species of mammals and freshwater fish. Besides, it hosts more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes.
Which is the highest biodiversity country?
5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World
- Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
- China. …
- Peru. …
- Mexico. …
Which region of the US has the highest biodiversity?
Things to know about California’s biodiversity
California is the most biodiverse state in the U.S. and one of the most biodiverse regions of the world. California is a biodiversity hot spot because of its unique geography, climate, geologic history and size.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.
Which habitat exhibits the greatest biodiversity?
Specifically, biodiversity of land species is greatest in tropical forests and marine diversity is greatest along coral reefs.
Which country has more than 5 of the world’s biodiversity?
In terms of percentages, Papua New Guinea comprises less than one percent of the earth’s land, yet it hosts five percent of the world’s different forms of plant and animal life. Its biodiversity is a confluence of the neighboring countries of Indonesia, New Zealand, and Australia.
Why is the most biodiversity found near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Where is the most biodiversity in North America?
A 2002 report by The Nature Conservancy ranked Alabama No. 5 behind California, Texas, Arizona and New Mexico, but Ebersole said deliberate research in recent years to catalog Alabama’s plant and animal species proves Alabama is the most biodiverse state.
Which state probably has the greatest biodiversity?
- California. The richness of California’s flora makes it a biodiversity hotspot even in global comparisons. …
- Texas. Like in California, the species richness in Texas comes from the state’s sheer size and the variety of ecosystems present. …
- Arizona. …
- New Mexico. …
Where in the US is biological diversity declining the most?
This massive conversion of forests, wetlands, grasslands, and other terrestrial ecosystems has produced a 60 percent decline (on average) in the number of vertebrates worldwide since 1970, with the greatest losses in vertebrate populations occurring in freshwater habitats (83 percent) and in South and Central America ( …