Tropical forests, including evergreen rainforests, cloud forests, seasonal deciduous forests and mangrove forests, have the highest biodiversity of all terrestrial biomes.
Which type of forest has the most biodiversity?
No one knows exactly how many species live in the world’s tropical rainforests — estimates range from 3 to 50 million species — rainforests are the undisputed champions of biodiversity among the world’s ecosystems, containing far higher numbers of species on a per-area basis relative to sub-tropical, temperate, and …
Which forest is the most biodiversity in the world why?
Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.
Where is the most biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Do forests contain the most biodiversity?
Forests are the most diverse ecosystems on land, because they hold the vast majority of the world’s terrestrial species. Some rain forests are among the oldest ecosystems on Earth. … We are losing 12 million hectares of forest a year, much of it tropical rainforest with its unique and rich biodiversity.
Which has great biodiversity among all forest regions?
Brazil reports the largest number of native tree species and high species diversity in the Amazon basin and in the Atlantic coastal forest. High species richness is also reported by countries in Central Africa, Central America, East Asia, Madagascar as well as South and Southeast Asia.
Which of the following countries has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home.
Which of the following ecosystem has the greatest biodiversity?
These rainforests have greatest species biodiversity.
- B. Deserts have low rainfall of less than 30 cm/yr. …
- C. Tundra biome has very little rainfall of less than 25 cm annually. …
- D. Temperate deciduous forest have moderate rainfall of about 75-150 cm/yr. …
- E. …
- So, the correct answer is ‘Tropical rainforest’.
Does a forest have high biodiversity or low biodiversity?
Forests have high biodiversity because the vertical growing surface and resulting canopy shade creates micro-niches by altering locally available light, heat & moisture.
What is the biodiversity of a forest?
Forest biodiversity refers to all forms of life found in forests, including plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms, and their roles in nature. It may be the richest of all the terrestrial ecosystems.
Which ecosystem has high biodiversity low biodiversity?
Estuarine areas (where rivers meet seas and oceans) have high biodiversity compared to other areas. Trophical rainforests are rich in terms of biodiversity. Arid and semiarid areas have low biodiversity. Deserts, for example, contain limited numbers of species.