Why do coastal wetlands have high biodiversity?

Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs.

How do wetlands support biodiversity?

Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse systems that enhance water quality, control erosion, maintain stream flows, sequester carbon, and provide a home to at least one third of all threatened and endangered species. Wetlands are important because they: improve water quality. provide wildlife habitat.

Do wetlands have more biodiversity?

Wetlands are important as one of Earth’s most productive ecosystems, supporting a disproportionately high number of species,5 including species at risk and significant numbers of migratory birds, fish, amphibians, a wide diversity of plants, and many other species.

What is the biodiversity of the wetlands?

Whether they are inland, coastal or human-made wetlands, not only are they very important habitats for biodiversity, but also, they are rich in biodiversity: 40% of the world’s plant and animal species live or breed in wetlands, whereas over 100,000 freshwater species can be found in wetlands.

What makes high biodiversity?

When an ecosystem has high biodiversity it is always more stable than an ecosystem that has low biodiversity. … Low biodiversity is when there are a few prominent species and a low number of other species within the habitat. High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

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Why is high biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

Why is high biodiversity advantageous?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

What factors affect biodiversity Why do wetlands have a high level of biodiversity?

Wetlands have a high level of biodiversity because of the amount of resources available. The high levels of accessible water, nutrient levels, and primary productivity allow for a large number and variety of organisms at the base of the food web.

Which coastal ecosystem has the highest biodiversity?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.

How does high biodiversity affect an ecosystem?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

Which ecosystem has high biodiversity?

Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America. Such forests are also thriving in parts of central Africa and also in islands of Indonesia. In marine environment, coral reefs are example of high biodiversity aquatic ecosystems.

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