Why India has a rich biodiversity?

It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.

Why does India have a lot of biodiversity?

This diversity can be attributed to the vast variety of landforms and climates resulting in habitats ranging from tropical to temperate, and from alpine to desert. The number of plant species in India is estimated to be over 45,523 representing about 11.8 per cent of the world’s flora.

How India is a rich bio diversity country?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

Which biodiversity is rich in India?

Detailed Solution. The Correct Answer is Western Ghats. The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here.

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Why is India rich in flora and fauna?

The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains.

Does India have biodiversity?

Is India’s biodiversity distinctive? … India is unique as we have biodiversity elements of all these landmasses within our country — we occupy just two percent of Earth’s surface but we have a global level of terrestrial and marine biodiversity.

What is biodiversity explain the biodiversity in India?

Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. … The Thar desert and the Himalayas are two regions rich in biodiversity in India.

Why India is a mega diversity?

India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions.

What is the unique feature of Indian biodiversity?

1. It has two of the 25 identified biodiversity centres termed as hot spots, viz., Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats. Hot spots are extremely rich in species and have high degree of endemism. They are under constant threat of loss of biodiversity, thus, need immediate conservation and protection.

Which is the most biodiversity rich area in India?

Western Ghats- It is the biodiversity-rich region of India. It is the mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula.

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Which state of India has the highest biodiversity?

These are locations that have rich biological, ethnic, historical value and fragile ecosystems; two proposed sites in Vidarbha and Jalgaon will bring the tally to six. By the end of 2018, Maharashtra may become the only state in India to have the highest number of biodiversity heritage sites (BHS) to its name.

Why biodiversity is useful?

Biodiversity provides vital ecosystem functions such as soil fertilization, nutrient recycling, pest and disease regulation, erosion control and crop and tree pollination.