Complete answer: India’s climate has both the characteristics of tropical as well as subtropical climate due to the tropic of cancer that passes through the middle of this country, from the Rann of Kuchh that is in the west and Mizoram that is in the east.
Why is India called a subtropical region?
During winter, there is a high-pressure area north of the Himalayas. … These jet streams are located approximately over 27°-30° north latitude, therefore, they are known as subtropical westerly jet streams. Over India, these jet streams blow south of the Himalayas, all through the year except in summer.
What is tropical and subtropical region in India?
Most parts of Rajasthan (Tropical Desert). Subtropics regions are located between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Climate of subtropical regions is hot and humid in summers. … The area falls under Subtropical Regions in India are as Parts of Punjab, Assam and Rajasthan.
What type of India’s climate has characterized?
India hosts two climatic subtypes- tropical monsoon climate, tropical wet and dry climate that fall under this group. 1) The most humid is the tropical wet climate—also known as tropical monsoon climate—that covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam.
How are tropical and subtropical climates similar?
Tropical systems are warm-core weather systems that only form over water. They have no fronts associated with them but typically generate more rain than extratropical systems. … Subtropical systems are a cross between an extratropical and a tropical system, having characteristics of both. They can be warm- or cold- core.
Why is India’s climate tropical?
India is far away from the poles and is in the tropic region and hence, it has a tropical climate, but the major reason India is experiencing a tropical climate is due to the presence of Himalayas.
Why does India have a tropical climate?
India has a tropical monsoon climate due to the presence of the Himalayas which do not allow the cold winds of Asia to reach the temperate northern parts of India and trap the monsoon which brings rain to the whole of the country.
Why do different parts of India have different climates?
Many factors, such as elevation, ocean currents, distance from the sea, and prevailing winds, can affect the climate of an area. … Latitude affects climate because it is related to the length and intensity of sunlight an area receives.
What are the different climatic zones and their characteristics in India?
In India, (Bansal & Minke, 1988) had carried out detailed studies and reported that India can be divided into six climatic zones, namely, hot and dry, warm and humid, moderate, cold and cloudy, cold and sunny, and composite.
What is the difference between tropical and subtropical forest?
In general the tropics encompass the area between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn (23°27′ latitude north and south). … The subtropics are delimitated from the tropics by thermal criteria, i.e., the frost limit or the +18°C isotherm of the coldest months in the lowlands.
What are the characteristics of tropical climate?
Tropical climates are characterized by monthly average temperatures of 18 ℃ (64.4 ℉) or higher year-round and feature hot temperatures. Annual precipitation is often abundant in tropical climates, and shows a seasonal rhythm to varying degrees.
What is the peculiar characteristics of Indian climate?
Salient Features of Indian Climate
1. Reversal of Winds: The Indian climate is characterised by the complete reversal of wind system with the change of season in a year. During the winter season winds generally blow from north-east to south-west in the direction of trade winds.
What type of climate India has and why it is so?
The climate of India is a monsoon type of climate because of its weather conditions which change from season to season. Our country, India would have been a desert without monsoon. Note: A large percentage of the rainfall in India is the result of the monsoon.