Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, has an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
What is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
How does biodiversity help maintain the stability of an ecosystem?
Generally speaking, greater species diversity (alpha diversity) leads to greater ecosystem stability. This is termed the “diversity–stability hypothesis.” An ecosystem that has a greater number of species is more likely to withstand a disturbance than an ecosystem of the same size with a lower number of species.
Why is diversity helpful in ecosystem stability?
Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.
Why does biodiversity make ecosystems more stable?
It has been shown that biodiversity of an area has a large impact on the ecosystem stability of that area. … This increase in complexity makes it more likely that the ecosystem will return to a stable state after a disturbance, because the ecosystem has more ways to respond to a disturbance and fix problems.
Why do we need to preserve biodiversity?
Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. … Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations.
What is biodiversity and its importance?
Biodiversity includes the number of different organisms and their relative frequencies in an ecosystem. It also reflects the organization of organisms at different levels. Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources.
What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?
What Are the Benefits of Biodiversity?
- Soils. ••• Biodiversity includes not only the large plants and animals we see, but also microscopic bacteria, fungi, algae, and a host of tiny insects and invertebrates. …
- Water Quality. ••• …
- Waste Removal. ••• …
- Pollination and Seed Dispersal. ••• …
- Medicine. ••• …
- Ecotourism. •••
Why is sustainable biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.
How does biodiversity affect the stability of an ecosystem quizlet?
How does biodiversity affect the stability of an ecosystem? Having a number of different organisms increases the stability of an ecosystem, because a change in the population of one organism will have less effect on the population of an organism that depends on it.
How does diversity create stability?
Increased alpha diversity (the number of species present) generally leads to greater stability, meaning an ecosystem that has a greater number of species is more likely to withstand a disturbance than an ecosystem of the same size with a lower number of species.
The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.