Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.
Why is it necessary for us to protect our marine life biodiversity?
Oceans are an essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem — a source of biodiversity, food, and life. According to FAO, over 40 percent of the world’s population lives within 100 kilometers of the coast. Better management of the ocean resources is thus crucial to ensuring global food security.
Why is it important to have marine protected areas?
Marine Protected Areas are important for the future because it can protect depleted, threatened, rare, and endangered species and populations. Furthermore, protecting MPA’s can help preserve habitats that are considered critical for the survival of lifecycles of species.
What should we do to protect our marine biodiversity?
10 Things You Can Do to Save the Ocean
- Mind Your Carbon Footprint and Reduce Energy Consumption. …
- Make Safe, Sustainable Seafood Choices. …
- Use Fewer Plastic Products. …
- Help Take Care of the Beach. …
- Don’t Purchase Items That Exploit Marine Life. …
- Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner. …
- Support Organizations Working to Protect the Ocean.
Why is it important to protect our oceans?
The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world’s oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.
What is the importance of marine life?
At a fundamental level, marine life affects the nature of the planet. Marine organisms, mostly microorganisms, produce oxygen and sequester carbon. Marine life in part shape and protect shorelines, and some marine organisms even help create new land (e.g. coral building reefs).
What is marine biodiversity?
Marine biodiversity is an aggregation of highly inter-connected ecosystem components or features, encompassing all levels of biological organization from genes, species, populations to ecosystems, with the diversity of each level having structural and functional attributes (Table 1).
Why is biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What can we do to protect our oceans?
Consider joining an organization that works to protect ocean habitats or volunteering at local beach cleanups. Support local restaurants, grocery stores, and businesses in your community that offer sustainable seafood and alternatives to single-use plastics.