Kenya is most vulnerable to climate change since the key drivers of the economy (agriculture, livestock, tourism, forestry, and fisheries) are climate-sensitive. Coupled with the country’s low adaptive capacity to climate change, the country experiences a high level of vulnerability.
What makes Kenya vulnerable to climate?
Key sectors in Kenya that are vulnerable to climate changes include agriculture, water resources, health, and ecosystems. … Water resources are concentrated in five drainage basins in areas subject to frequent droughts and floods and therefore vulnerable to further changes in climate variability.
Is Kenya vulnerable to climate change?
Kenya is highly vulnerable to climate change, with projections suggesting its average annual temperature will rise by up to 2.5 degrees Celsius between 2000 and 2050, said Christian Aid’s report.
Why is Africa vulnerable to climate change?
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.
How is climate change in Kenya?
Kenya’s climate is changing. The country has experienced a general warming trend since 1960, and the trend of rising temperatures is expected to continue. … Higher temperatures, unpredictable rainfall patterns, increased incidence of droughts and floods, and rising sea levels are impacting people across the country.
What changes are projected in Kenya as a result of climate change?
Kenya is very vulnerable to climate change with current projections suggesting that its temperature will rise up to 2.5ºC between 2000 and 2050, while rainfall will become more intense and less predictable.
Why does Kenya produce so much tea?
World’s Largest Tea Exporter
The equator divides the country, so the year-round sunshine means tea is grown and plucked almost every day of the year! At over 2,000 meters, Kenya has the highest elevation of tea gardens in Africa. The volcanic soil naturally produces some of the world’s most flavourful tea.
What is Kenya doing to stop climate change?
As party to the Paris Agreement, Kenya submitted her first Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) on 28 December 2016. The mitigation contribution intended to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emission by 30% by 2030. In 2020, Kenya updated the commitment to reduce GHG emissions to 32% by 2030.
How does climate change affect agriculture in Kenya?
Climate change is real in Kenya, with neg- ative impacts on the agricultural sector. Temperature changes have affected crop potential, an example being low tempera- tures causing frost in the tea estates. The livestock sector is very climate sensitive and drought has contributed to livestock morbidity and mortality.
How will climate change affect Nairobi?
The impacts of climate change in Kenya include reduced availability of and access to water, causing rationing during droughts; reduced hydropower generation (which is a major energy source for the country); and increased vulnerability of the urban poor. … Nairobi attracts the bulk of rural-‐urban migrants.
Why is African agriculture the most vulnerable to climate change?
Climate change cause shifts in growing seasons, lower agricultural yields as a result of variability in rainfall and higher temperature patterns and reduce local food availability. With decrease production at the continental level, Africa will be dependent of food imports and aid.
Why is Africa more vulnerable to drought?
Because of heavy dependence on rainfed agriculture, about 60% of Sub-Saharan Africa is vulnerable to frequent and severe droughts (Esikuri, 2005). … Although Africa has a huge water resource, there is large variation in its spatial and temporal distribution.
Which continent is most vulnerable to climate change?
Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change and climate variability, a situation aggravated by the interaction of ‘multiple stresses’, occurring at various levels, and low adaptive capacity (high confidence).
How climate change will affect Africa?
The main longer-term impacts of climate change in Africa include changing rainfall patterns affecting agriculture and reducing food security; worsen- ing water security; decreasing fish resources in large lakes due to rising temperatures and overfishing; rising sea levels affecting low-lying coastal areas with large …
What are the causes of climate change?
The main causes of climate change are:
- Humanity’s increased use of fossil fuels – such as coal, oil and gas to generate electricity, run cars and other forms of transport, and power manufacturing and industry.
- Deforestation – because living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide.
Can climate change be mitigated?
Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the …