India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
How India is a mega biodiversity country?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions. … About 4,900 species of flowering plants are endemic to the country. These are distributed among 141 genera belonging to 47 families.
Why is India considered as one of the mega diversity countries?
India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.
Which is the 12th mega biodiverse country in the world?
_________ is the 12th Mega Biodiverse Country in the world.
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world.
What is the position of India’s in mega biodiversity countries of the world?
Note: Among the biodiversity countries of the world India holds 12th place. It has 10 biography zones that includes Himalaya, desert, semi arid, Western ghats etc. India is among top ten to fifteen nations of the world for its great diversity of plant life and flowering plants.
What is mega biodiversity countries?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species.
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Is India a mega diversity country?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
What are mega biodiversity countries and why India is considered as one of the mega biodiversity nations?
India has the maximum number of rich biodiversity hotspots having a high level of species richness and high level of endemism i.e. species are confined to a particular region and that species do not exist anywhere else in the world.
Why India is called a mega biodiversity Centre how many hotspot are present in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
What is the status of India’s biodiversity in comparison with the world?
India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.
How many mega diversity countries are present in World Ncert?
India, with about 45,000 species of plants and twice as many species of animals, is one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world.
What’s the most biodiverse country in the world?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What is the mega diversity according to the World Atlas?
To be termed megadiverse, a country must have at least 5,000 of the world’s plants as endemics and have marine ecosystems within its borders.