Your question: What is a monsoon climate in India?

Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more rainfall.

What is monsoon called in India?

There are two monsoons (or rainy seasons) in India. The summer monsoon season in India, otherwise known as the southwest monsoon, which lasts from June to September and affects the whole of India. Then the northeast or winter monsoon brings seasonal rainfall to Southeast India from October to December.

What is monsoon climate in geography?

Monsoon climate, also known as the tropical monsoon climate, is found in the region bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The region is influenced by the movement of inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and is hot and humid all around the year because the sun remains overhead.

What are the characteristics of monsoon climate in India?

Unlike equatorial wet climate, monsoon climate is characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons associated with seasonal reversal of winds. Floods in wet season and droughts in dry season are common. Usually there are three seasons namely summer, winter and rainy season.

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What causes monsoon in India?

The monsoon is caused by differing temperature trends over the land and ocean. … Moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean come to fill up the void, but because they can’t pass through the Himalayas region, they’re forced to rise. The gain in altitude of the clouds results in a drop in temperature, bringing about rain.

What is the climate of India?

For the most part, the country has a tropical climate which throughout most of the interior is a mixture of wet and dry tropical weather. In northern parts there is a humid tropical climate and along the western coast lies wet tropical areas.

What is Indian monsoon Class 9?

THE INDIAN MONSOON. Following facts are important in formation of monsoon: The Sun causes differential heating and cooling of land and water. This creates low pressure on the landmass of India and high pressure over the ocean surface. … This high pressure zone is about 9 km above the sea level.

What does monsoon mean?

Definition of monsoon

1 : a periodic wind especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. 2 : the season of the southwest monsoon in India and adjacent areas that is characterized by very heavy rainfall. 3 : rainfall that is associated with the monsoon.

Why is India’s climate referred to as tropical monsoon climate?

India has a tropical monsoon climate because most of India lies in the tropical belt and her climate is influenced by the Monsoon winds which mainly blow in the tropics ie. … High temperatures during summers and dry winters are some of the characteristics of the Monsoon types of climate.

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How do you describe monsoon season?

A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. … Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia.

What is the main characteristics of monsoon climate?

Heavy rainfall in summer is the defining characteristic of Monsoon climate. Although, The spatial distribution of rainfall is uneven – some regions may receive heavy rains & floods, while the others will have to be contented with meagre rains, droughts & famines.

What are the basic features of monsoon?

A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.

What are the two types of monsoon in India?

Thus on the basis of the direction from which they blow, the monsoon winds are divided into two categories: southwest monsoon and northeast monsoon. Note: The monsoon is responsible for roughly 80% of India’s rainfall.