What is the significance of climatic and soil requirement in crop production?
Increased temperature, changed precipitation conditions and increased CO2 content in the atmosphere are the major climatic factors affecting crop production. Rise in atmospheric temperature will lead to loss of soil moisture and will increase the crop demand for water.
What is the importance of climate in crop production?
The positive impacts of global warming include the increase in crop productivity due to fertilization effect caused by the increase in carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere, expansion of the areas available for production of tropical and/or subtropical crops, expansion of two-crop farming due to the increased …
What is the importance of soil characteristics for crop production?
Soil health is the foundation of productive farming practices. Fertile soil provides essential nutrients to plants. Important physical characteristics of soil-like structures and aggregation allow water and air to infiltrate, roots to explore, and biota to thrive.
How climatic factors affect agricultural production?
Climatic factors influence all aspects and stages of plant growth and hence affect agricultural productivity and stability of production. Their influence extends from the upper reaches of the atmosphere, in which spores and pollen are encountered, to the soil depth penetrated by the roots.
What is the role of soil and climate in horticulture?
Soil and climate are both parts of nature without which plants cannot be imagined to occur. Just as soil provides support for plants to grow, the climate provides favourable climatic conditions for them to grow.
What soil and climate is best for growing?
black soil or sand loan are the suitable soil for growing cotton. dry and non-rainy climate is suitable for cotton.
Why do we need to consider climatic requirements of produce?
Each of the climatic factors affects plant growth, and can be a limiting factor in plant development. Unless each factor is of optimum quantity or quality, plants do not achieve maximum growth.
How soil climate and location affect the growth and development of the crops?
In agriculture, climate change will affect crop production as changes in soil, air temperature and rainfall affect the ability of crops to reach maturity and their potential harvest. … As the climate heats up, reductions in the amount of water available may be made up initially by irrigation.
What is the importance of considering soil conditions in horticultural crops?
Soils supply the essential nutrients, water, oxygen and root support that our food-producing plants need to grow and flourish. They also serve as a buffer to protect delicate plant roots from drastic fluctuations in temperature.
What is soil and its importance?
Soil is the loose surface material that covers most land. It consists of inorganic particles and organic matter. Soil provides the structural support to plants used in agriculture and is also their source of water and nutrients. Soils vary greatly in their chemical and physical properties.
Why are soil properties important for plants?
As an anchor for plant roots and as a water holding tank for needed moisture, soil provides a hospitable place for a plant to take root. Some of the soil properties affecting plant growth include: soil texture (coarse of fine), aggregate size, porosity, aeration (permeability), and water holding capacity.
Why is it important to know the characteristics of soil?
Soil structure is important for plant growth, regulating the movement of air and water, influencing root development and affecting nutrient availability. Good quality soils are friable (crumbly) and have fine aggregates so the soil breaks up easily if you squeeze it.