Exposures to environmental toxins have been linked with higher rates of mental retardation, intellectual impairment, and behavioral problems, such as conduct disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [16,17,18, 19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,30,31,36,37, 38,39,40,41,42,43,59,60,61].
Why are children vulnerable to environmental toxins?
Children are more vulnerable to the ingestion of environmental toxins than adults for a variety of reasons, including differences in size, behaviors, diet, and even where they spend their day. Children breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per kilogram of body weight than adults.
What role do toxins play in children’s health?
Toxins can have a lifelong impact on brain function (83, 132, 135). Children who have higher blood lead concentrations may never meet the same peak cognitive ability in adulthood as that in less exposed children (Figure 5).
How do environmental toxins affect the body?
Environmental Toxins and Health
The wisdom of limiting exposure to substances known or believed to cause cancer, disrupt hormone production, contribute to respiratory and cardiovascular disease, or reduce birth rates is indisputable.
What 4 environmental risks affect children?
Children are particularly vulnerable to certain environmental risks, including: air pollution; inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene; hazardous chemicals and waste, radiation; climate change; as well as emerging threats like e-waste.
How does a child’s environment affect their behavior?
Children learn from their environment by imitating the social behavior of the people around, and what they see in their day to day environment influences their social behavior. … Living in an organized social environment increases the chances that a child will develop social relationships.
What is the first identified environmental toxin to affect children?
Methyl Mercury: In the 1950s, in the Japanese fishing village Minamata Bay, which was contaminated with methyl mercury, children developed cerebral palsy, limb defects, and mental retardation .
What are environmental factors that affect infants?
The environment includes air, water, surfaces, and items with which infants and toddlers come in contact. Substances and factors that can impact the health and well- being of infants and toddlers include, but are not limited to: Dust, dirt, and irritants. Fragrances and airborne particles.
How do toxins impact human health?
Toxins damage enzymes and thus undermine countless bodily functions—inhibiting the production of hemoglobin in the blood, for example, or lowering the body’s capacity to prevent the free-radical damage that accelerates aging. Toxins displace structural minerals, resulting in weaker bones.
What are environmental neurotoxins?
Environmental neurotoxins, such as lead, methyl mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), are widely disseminated in a child’s environment.
How do environmental factors and toxins cause disease?
Exposure to some types of chemicals can cause an environmental illness. The more of the chemical you are exposed to, the more likely you are to get ill. Examples include: Chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause lung cancer.