The high elevation causes some parts of South America to have a cold climate, only vegetation that can withstand cooler or cold temperatures can survive. … A warming of the ocean along the western coast of South America that occurs every few years and influences global weather patterns.
What factors impact the climate of South America?
The climate of the continent of South America is influenced by five main factors.
- Height of the mountain ranges.
- Location of the mountain ranges.
- Seas and the ocean currents.
How do the Andes mountains affect the climate of South America?
Because the Andes act as a large wall between the Pacific Ocean and the continent, they have a tremendous impact on climate in the region. The northern part of the Andes is typically rainy and warm, and the weather is also wet in the eastern part of central Andes, and the area to the southwest.
What affects the climate in Latin America?
The climate of Latin America ranges from the hot and humid Amazon River basin to the dry and desert-like conditions of northern Mexico and southern Chile. … Third, the warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean and the cold currents of the Pacific Ocean affect the climate.
What two factors influence the Latin American climates the most?
Latin America’s climate is influenced mainly by the northern Atlantic anticyclone and the migration of the inter-tropical convergence zone, which also affects large areas of tropical South America.
What impact did elevation and climate have on Incan life?
New research has revealed that a prolonged period of warm weather between AD1100 and 1533 cleared large areas of mountain land to be used for farming, helping the Incas to spread their influence from Colombia to the central plains of Chile.
What is the elevation and climate of the land in western South America?
Answer: in western south America the elevations change rapidly before the moutians it is about 200m in the moutians in the Chile are it is 2000m to 4000m. the climate also change with the elivation it gets colder the higher up and warmer the further down though it is probably more so warm due to the equator.
What effects does altitude have on the climate of the Andean countries of South America?
The higher the altitude the cooler the temperature. Also the oxygen is thin. What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes? How are the climates in the mid-latitude countries of South America different from those in the Andean region?
What relationship exists between elevation and climates of the Andes?
Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases.
What type of climate is found in South America?
South America extends from a broad equatorial zone in the north to a narrow sub-Arctic zone in the south. It can be divided into four climatic regions: tropical, temperate, arid, and cold. Tropical climates—which include both tropical rainy and tropical wet and dry climates—cover more than half of the continent.
How does elevation affect climate and vegetation in Latin America?
How does elevation affect climate and vegetation? The higher the vegetation the colder it gets. Certain vegetation that needs a warmer climate can’t grow in higher elevations. … Farmers need a climate region and elevation that will support the vegetation they are growing.
How does climate change affect Peru?
Due to climate change in recent years, seasonal water variations have diverged from historic patterns in Peru, resulting in more droughts and floods. The changes impact population centers such as Lima, Peru’s capital and home to 10 million people.
What effect might elevation have on growing crops and grazing livestock in the region?
What effect might elevation have on growing crops and grazing livestsock in the region? It could limit livestock and grow crops due to elevation. What are the three main types of moderate climate zones in the region? Tropical, dry and mid latitude climate zones.