How does loss of biodiversity affect food production?

How does loss of biodiversity affect food?

Biodiversity underpins the health of the planet and has a direct impact on all our lives. Put simply, reduced biodiversity means millions of people face a future where food supplies are more vulnerable to pests and disease, and where fresh water is in irregular or short supply.

How does biodiversity contribute to food production?

Biodiversity is essential to food and agriculture

It supplies many vital ecosystem services, such as creating and maintaining healthy soils, pollinating plants, controlling pests and providing habitat for wildlife, including for fish and other species that are vital to food production and agricultural livelihoods.

How does loss of biodiversity affect agriculture?

We have seen what happens when biodiversity is reduced. The consequences are most apparent with increased pest problems as crop monocultures expand, replacing the diversity of natural vegetation. The natural predators of these pests decline as local habitats decrease.

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What would happen due to loss of biodiversity?

Biodiversity loss can have significant direct human health impacts if ecosystem services are no longer adequate to meet social needs. Indirectly, changes in ecosystem services affect livelihoods, income, local migration and, on occasion, may even cause or exacerbate political conflict.

What are the disadvantages associated with lack of biodiversity in agricultural production?

Economic scarcities among common food crops may be more noticeable than biodiversity losses of ecosystems and landscapes far from global markets. … This lack of biodiversity among crops threatens food security, because varieties may be vulnerable to disease and pests, invasive species, and climate change.

How does biodiversity affect the food chain?

Biodiversity provides “raw materials” for the food chain and seafood production, and also influences the capacity of ecosystems to perform these and other services. … Structural redundancy is evident in marine ecosystems, in that many species are interchangeable in the way they characterise assemblage composition.

Why is biodiversity important in fighting disease in food crops?

Biodiversity is the origin of all species of crops and domesticated livestock and the variety within them. … Maintenance of this biodiversity is essential for the sustainable production of food and other agricultural products and the benefits these provide to humanity, including food security, nutrition and livelihoods.

What happens to a food web when biodiversity is lost?

Overall ecosystem instability due to reduced biodiversity ranks among the consequences of species extinctions. As the number of species in a food chain decreases, there are fewer sustainable alternatives for members of the food chain that had depended on the extinct species.

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What is the role of biodiversity on food?

Food biodiversity provides the ingredients for a portfolio of nutritious foods in different seasons of the year, including small animals and diverse fruits and vegetables to improve diets.

What is the greatest impact on biodiversity caused by agriculture?

AGRICULTURE AND BIODIVERSITY. In addition to its effects on climate, the expansion of agriculture has caused massive losses in biodiversity around the world: natural habitats have been converted to farms and pastures, pesticides and fertilizers have polluted the environment, and soils have been degraded.

What impacts and implications does biodiversity have on agricultural practices?

Biodiversity in domesticated crops and livestock is important because it ensures there is a large gene pool for traits like disease resistance; growing only a few varieties of plants makes our food supply vulnerable to threats like climate change and disease.

How does loss of biodiversity affect health care?

However, biodiversity can also be a source of pathogens leading to negative health outcomes. … For example, the use of pharmaceuticals may lead to the release of active ingredients in the environment and damage species and ecosystems, which in turn may have negative knock-on effects on human health.”