There are over 30 recognized biodiversity hotspots in the world. The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region.
Which biodiversity hotspots are important?
Many areas within the tropical zones are considered biodiversity hotspots and are home to the world’s most rare and endangered species. Whether we are talking about mountain ranges, islands, or tropical forests, the impressive diversity of life in these areas makes them important places to protect and study.
Which is the most prevalent hotspot of biodiversity?
the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures. In addition to this the climate is also favourable which helps in the growth of different creature.
What are 2 biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
Which is the latest biodiversity hotspot?
ANNOUNCING THE WORLD’S 36TH BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT: THE NORTH AMERICAN COASTAL PLAIN. The North American Coastal Plain (NACP) – was recognized only recently as meeting the criteria for a global biodiversity hotspot: more than 1,500 endemic vascular plants and greater than 70 percent habitat loss.
What is importance biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is global biodiversity hotspot?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.
What is the most prevalent hotspots of biodiversity in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
Which is the largest biodiversity hotspot in India?
The Indo-Burma region, one of the largest hotspots, covers Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos PDR and also includes the Gangetic plains, areas around the Brahmaputra river and parts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Where is most of the world’s biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What are biodiversity hotspots 10?
The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?
Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.
Why is Madagascar a biodiversity hotspot?
While our planet is a wonderland of wildlands, there are few places as spectacular as Madagascar, a Biodiversity Hotspot. … Madagascar is home to thousands of endemic plants and animals found nowhere else on the planet that have evolved over the 90 million years that it has been secluded from the rest of the world.