Coffee grows well on fertile and well-drained loamy soil. A coffee plantation requires hot and humid climatic conditions. Though rainfall should be distributed throughout the year, there should be one long dry season so that the coffee beans can ripen. Frost is harmful to the coffee plantation.
What are the Favourable conditions for cultivation of coffee?
Coffee plant requires hot and humid climate with temperature varying between 15°C and 28 °C and rainfall from 150 to 250 cm. It does not tolerate frost, snowfall, high temperature above 30°C and strong sun shine and is generally grown under shady trees. Prolonged drought is also injurious to coffee.
What conditions of soil and climate are Favourable for the cultivation of tea?
Tea requires a temperature ranging from 21°C to 29°C. Tea grows well in the regions which receive rainfall in between 150-200 cm. The soil should be well drained. However, stagnant water damages the tea crops.
What climate is best for growing coffee?
Optimal coffee-growing conditions include cool to warm tropical climates, rich soils, and few pests or diseases. The world’s Coffee Belt spans the globe along the equator, with cultivation in North, Central, and South America; the Caribbean; Africa; the Middle East; and Asia.
Which soil is good for coffee cultivation?
Coffee can be grown on many different soil types, but the ideal is a fertile, volcanic red earth or a deep, sandy loam. Yellow-brown, high silt soils are less preferred. Avoid heavy clay or poor-draining soils.
What are the climatic conditions required for coffee?
Coffee generally requires somewhat warm temperature with moderate rainfall. Complete answer: Coffee is a tropical plant which is also grown in a semi-tropical climate. This plant requires heat, humidity and abundant rainfall to grow and yield well. Coffee requires an average temperature of 15℃ to 28℃ .
Which soil is suitable for growing coffee in India?
(i) Laterite soil is suitable for growing coffee in Karnataka.
What are the soil type climate conditions and rainfall conditions required for the cultivation of tea write two states of India where tea grows?
Soil type: Deep and fertile, well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matters. Climate: Warm and moist, frost-free climate throughout the year. Rainfall: Frequent showers throughout the year. States: Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tripura.
What are the conditions required for cultivation of rice in India explain?
(i) It is a Kharif crop that requires a high temperature (above 25 °C). (ii) High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. (iv) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions.
What is the ideal condition for the growth and plantation of maize?
Maize is grown in temperatures between 18°C and 27°C during the day and around 14°C during the night. But the most important factor is the 140 frost-free days. The crop is very susceptible to frost; therefore, its cultivation in temperate latitudes is limited.
Where do coffee plants grow?
Coffee plants are woody evergreens that can grow up to 10 meters tall when growing in the wild. Most of the world’s coffee grows within the Bean Belt, the area around the equator between the Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer. This region includes parts of Central and South America, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
Where does coffee grow the best?
Let’s take a look at the countries with the highest quality of coffee beans.
- Colombia. Colombia is considered to be a giant in the coffee business, supplying 15% of the world’s coffee. …
- Guatemala. Guatemala is a country known for its production of high-quality coffee. …
- Costa Rica. …
- The Arabian Peninsula. …
- Ethiopia. …