#9: India. With a large landmass covering a range of ecosystems, India scores well across the board in terms of species richness. It ranks especially high when it comes to reptiles and birds.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
Is the 12 mega biodiversity country in the world?
LIST OF MEGADIVERSE COUNTRIES. … Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
Is India a mega biodiversity nation?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions. … These are concentrated in the floristically rich areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, North-West Himalayas and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What is mega biodiversity?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. … Megadiversity means exhibiting great biodiversity. The main criterion for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families.
Why India is called a mega diversity?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Who is the father of biodiversity?
The father of biodiversity is Edward O. Wilson. An entomologist, Wilson was on the faculty of Harvard University.
Which country has the best biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What is the most megadiverse country?
The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.
What is the rank of India in the 12 mega diversity countries of the world?
India’s place in mega diversity in countries of the world is 12th.
What is the rank of India in species richness of reptiles?
In terms of endemic vertebrate groups, India’s global ranking is tenth in birds, with 69 species; fifth in reptiles with 156 species; and seventh in amphibians with 110 species.
Which area of India is very rich in biodiversity?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands).
|% in India||8.24|