What is the role of PBR in biodiversity conservation?

The program of People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) is designed as a tool for the formal maintenance of the local knowledge with proper validation. PBR is a record of knowledge, perception and attitude of people about natural resources, plants and animals, their utilization and conservation in a village or a panchayat.

What is PBR biodiversity?

PEOPLES’ BIODIVERSITY REGISTERS. (PBRs) Peoples’ Biodiversity Register is a document which contains comprehensive information on locally available Bio-resources including landscape and demography of a particular area or village.

What is PBR in environmental science?

People’s Biodiversity Registers (PBR) document folk knowledge of status, uses, history, ongoing changes and forces driving changes in biodiversity resources, gainers and losers in these processes and people’s perceptions of how these resources should be managed.

What is biodiversity management committee?

Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC) As per the Biological Diversity Act 2002, BMCs are created for “promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity” by local bodies across the country.

How does BMC work for conservation of biodiversity?

As per the BD Act, BMCs have to document biodiversity in their jurisdiction, conserve it, and ensure its sustainable use. The idea is for the local community to be involved in managing its own natural resources. … The BD Act also allows the BMC to levy fees for commercial use of biological resources in its jurisdiction.

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What are the methods of in situ conservation?

The three main in situ techniques may be broadly defined as genetic reserve, on-farm, and home garden conservation. Genetic reserve conservation of wild species involves the location, designation, management, and monitoring of genetic diversity in a particular, natural location.

How can we preserve biodiversity?

Biodiversity can be conserved by:

  1. Preventing the cutting of trees.
  2. Putting a ban on hunting of animals.
  3. Efficient utilisation of natural resources.
  4. Protected areas should be developed for animals where no human activities are allowed.

What is genetic diversity and biodiversity?

Biodiversity is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by habitat destruction, population decline and extinction. … Genetic Diversity is the diversity of genetic characteristics (expressed or recessive) within a species (i.e. between individuals and populations of the same species).

What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

Which is the biodiversity district of Kerala?

The People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) has been prepared for all the local bodies in Wayanad, making it the first district in Kerala to have completed the process.

What is the role of biodiversity management committee?

Biodiversity Management Committees are to be established under Section 41 of the Act at local level. The BMCs play a vital role in documenting biodiversity, their sustainable use and in dealing with Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) issues.

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What are the 3 types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

What are the main activities of biodiversity management committee?

The main function of the BMC is to prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with the local people. The Register shall contain comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources, their medicinal or any other use or any other.

Who heads National biodiversity Authority Upsc?

National Biodiversity Authority

Abbreviation NBA
Purpose Implementation of Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Location Chennai, India
Region served India
Chairperson Dr. V. B. Mathur, IFS

WHO declares biodiversity heritage?

Biodiversity Heritage Sites are notified areas of biodiversity importance in India. The Indian State Government can notify the Biodiversity Heritage Sites in consultation with local governing bodies under Section 37 of Biological Diversity Act of 2002.