Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
What climate type dominates in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Type A (tropical) climates are most prevalent throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. At about 15° S, the tropical climate gives way to dry, temperate (type C) conditions and then predominantly arid conditions (type B) in southern Africa, which includes the Namib and KalahariDeserts.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa’s climate?
With the exception of Southern Africa, virtually the entirety of the sub-Saharan region lies in the tropics and, as such, generally tends to exhibit the characteristics of tropical and subtropical climatic zones. … Here, humid tropical conditions are more pronounced, particularly during the summer months.
What are the major climatic regions of Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
Which climate zone is most common in Africa?
The equator runs through the middle of Africa, as do the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, making Africa the most tropical continent. The already hot and dry climate that straddles the equator, makes it the most vulnerable continent to climate change.
Which type of landform covers most of Sub Saharan Africa?
Savannas, or grasslands, cover almost half of Africa, more than 13 million square kilometers (5 million square miles). These grasslands make up most of central Africa, beginning south of the Sahara and the Sahel and ending north of the continents southern tip.
What climate types are in the area around the Congo River?
Climate ranges from tropical rain forest in the Congo River basin to tropical wet-and-dry in the southern uplands to tropical highland in eastern areas above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) in elevation. In general, temperatures and humidity are quite high.
Which best describes Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.
Which is a feature of Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has many geographic features, including the Sahel region, savannahs, arid lowland terrain, and tropical rainforests. It also includes the longest rivers and largest lakes on the continent. Sub-Saharan Africa is divided into 4 subregions, in accordance with the United Nations’ Geoscheme.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?
Sub-Saharan Africa has been the site of many empires and kingdoms, including Nubia, Axum, Wagadugu (Ghana), Mali, Nok, Songhai, Kanem-Bornu, Benin and Great Zimbabwe.
What is the most northern climate zone in Africa?
Nights can be cool, sometimes even cold: lows can drop to around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) in the far north. The northernmost area belongs to the climate zone called Sahel, while more to the south, we find the savannah zone.
Which desert covers most of North Africa?
The Sahara is the largest desert in the world and occupies approximately 10 percent of the African Continent. The ecoregion includes the hyper-arid central portion of the Sahara where rainfall is minimal and sporadic.
What are the major climatic regions of Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert.