Why is the Philippines a great place to study biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?

As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.

What do you think are the main reason for the biodiversity destruction in the Philippines?

In the Philippines, deforestation (forest denudation and fragmentation) is a leading cause of habitat destruction that negatively impacts biodiversity on an exponential scale. … Through the years, conversion of land for residential and commercial use has also contributed the same effects in lower-lying habitats.

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How can we protect biodiversity in the Philippines?

Project Goals

  1. Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
  2. Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
  3. Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.

What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

What is the importance of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

How is the biodiversity in the Philippines?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

How does deforestation affect the Philippines?

The Philippines is paying a high price for the destruction of its forests and a number of major problems confronting the nation can be traced directly to deforestation. … In the absence of forest cover and with frequent heavy typhoon rains, soil erosion, mass wasting, and landslides are induced.

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Why does the Philippines have so many endangered species?

Of more than 50,000 species of flora and fauna in the Philippines, more than half are found nowhere else in the world. However, there are now many endangered species in the Philippines heading to extinction mostly due to the numerous huntings.

Why is sustainable biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is essential for sustainable development and human well-being. It underpins the provision of food, fibre and water; it mitigates and provides resilience to climate change; it supports human health, and provides jobs in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and many other sectors.

Why is it important to protect and to conserve the natural resources of the Philippines?

They provide food, fresh water, livelihoods and climate resilience to more than 100 million Filipinos. … The forests and oceans of the Philippines sequester vast amounts of carbon — playing a significant role in the global solution to climate change.

What is the importance of watershed to biodiversity?

Watershed Functions

Watersheds collect rainfall and disperse the runoff to support life in all forms in the habitats that are found within them.