Why is the Philippines considered as the center of the center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

Is Philippines center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines is located in a region called the Coral Triangle; an area of exceptional importance as it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. Within this region, the Philippines is also known as the center of this center.

What is the center of the center of marine biodiversity all about?

The Coral Triangle – the centre of marine biodiversity | WWF. No other place on Earth is as rich and varied in marine life as the Coral Triangle.

What is the center of the center of marine biodiversity?

The 1.14 million hectare passage is extremely rich in marine biodiversity, the richest area in the entire Coral Triangle. It has been called “Center of the Center of Marine Shorefish Biodiversity”.

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Verde Island Passage
Type strait
Etymology Verde Island

Where is the center of the center of marine biodiversity located Philippines?

Its focus: an intensive exploration of the Philippines’ Verde Island Passage, a region thought to be the “center of the center” of marine biodiversity.

What is Philippine biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

How does the Philippines benefit from being part of the Coral Triangle?

The Philippines share with Indonesia the most fertile part of Coral Triangle: the heart at the heart of the world’s marine riches. The islands are also rich in gold, copper, and coconut oil, and a major exporter for electronic products and medical equipment.

What is marine biodiversity?

Marine biodiversity is an aggregation of highly inter-connected ecosystem components or features, encompassing all levels of biological organization from genes, species, populations to ecosystems, with the diversity of each level having structural and functional attributes (Table 1).

What is the importance of marine biodiversity?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.

How many endemic species of reptiles is found in the Philippines?

Reptiles are represented by about 235 species, some 160 of which are endemic (68 percent).

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What is biodiversity give examples and explain its significance?

Biodiversity describes the richness and variety of life on earth. … The term biodiversity was coined in 1985. It is important in natural as well as artificial ecosystems. It deals with nature’s variety, the biosphere. It refers to variabilities among plants, animals and microorganism species.

What biodiversity means?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

Has the second highest seagrass diversity in the world?

The Philippines has the second highest seagrass diversity, second only to Australia [3] .